At the dawn of Rutgers Cooperative Extension in the early 1900s, New Jersey farmers were facing an era that offered promise of new methods of farming that would solve problems, improve efficiency and bring a better return on their dollar. Extension specialists and agricultural agents implemented a variety of methods and practices to engage farmers. One such example, which took root in New Jersey and went into the annals of agricultural history in the U.S., is the development of artificial insemination in dairy cows.
Enos J. Perry (1891-1983) served Rutgers University from 1923 to 1956 as an extension specialist in dairy husbandry. His greatest contribution to agriculture was the establishment of the first cooperative artificial breeding association for cattle in New Jersey and the U.S. and the practical application of the technique of artificial insemination (AI) of farm animals. Perry initiated the first dairy cattle AI Co-op in the U.S. in 1938, and his book “The Artificial Insemination of Farm Animals,” published in 1945, was the standard reference manual on the subject, providing vital information on artificial insemination for thousands of workers and students. [Read more...]