Rutgers Researchers Working On Cobalt Study

The U.S. Trotting Association announced it will fund a research study by renowned equine researchers Dr. George Maylin from Morrisville State College in New York and Dr. Karyn Malinowski and Dr. Ken McKeever of Rutgers University in New Jersey to evaluate the effects of cobalt on red blood cell production (erythropoiesis) and performance enhancement in horses… "The purpose is to study the effects of cobalt on racehorses with the exercise physiology model used by Dr. McKeever to study drugs such as EPO," explained Dr. Maylin. "It’s the only way to assess the pharmacological effects with this type of compound. It will be a dose-response study to see if some level of cobalt has an effect on performance."… According to the study plan, 50 mg of cobalt (Co HCl in one liter of saline) will be administered at 9 a.m. on three consecutive days. Blood samples will be obtained before and at one, two, four and 24 hours after administration.

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Two Solutions That Cut Down on Fossil Fuels

This article was written by Paul Falkowski, professor in the Department of Marine and Coastal Sciences… The headline in the New York Times reads "Lebanon’s Garbage Crisis Underscores Government’s Disarray." It seems that the Lebanese government is unable to collect and dispose of the garbage in Beirut and the waste is piling up across the city… Garbage smells bad, and in the heat of summer, with wafts of rotting meat and vegetables blowing across the city, it is hardly surprising that the citizens of Beirut are getting very frustrated at the lack of leadership… In preparing a short "TED talk" type lecture for the upcoming Positive Economy conference in France, I gathered some slides from the recent National Academy of Science report on geoengineering climate. I sat on the panel that issued the two reports. There were two because there are two "solutions" for continued, unabated burning of fossil fuels. And if you really need to know — we aren’t running out of fossil fuels anytime soon — at least not for a century.

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Alternative Nutraceutical Delivery Method Proposed

Manufacturers are keen to push more nutrients into processed foods, and nutraceuticals promise forgiveness for the sins of a bad diet – with iron and calcium in breakfast cereal, plant sterols in cookies, and vitamins in soda. That promise is predicted to drive a global market of nearly $263 billion by 2020, but a letter to Nature published earlier this year implicated some of the most widely used surfactant-based emulsifiers and encapsulation agents in promoting colitis and metabolic syndrome in mice… "There is concern that these materials, specifically carboxymethylcellulose and polysorbate-80, could be hazardous with long-term consumption," says Qingrong Huang, a professor of food science at Rutgers University, New Jersey, US… Speaking on 18 August at the American Chemical Society’s (ACS) national meeting in Boston, US, Huang proposed an alternative approach for encapsulating and delivering nutraceuticals using particle-stabilised Pickering emulsions in place of the surfactant stabilised materials.

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Tracking a Rarely Seen, Endangered ‘Ninja’ Shark in the Philippines

ShutterShark300Rutgers marine scientist Thomas Grothues’ expertise is featured in a Discovery Channel documentary on sharks that have developed adaptations to help them become effective predators. Read more at Rutgers Today.

Why Are Thousands of Robots Roaming Oceans?

Right now, there are thousands of robots roaming the Earth’s waters. More and more, scientists are relying on bots to fill a knowledge gap, sending autonomous technology where humans cannot go, and gathering data on vast and diverse ecosystems that are increasingly under threat… A study published in the journal Science at the beginning of the year had dire warnings for Earth’s marine life, but researchers were quick to say it is not too late to avoid cataclysm in the ocean… "We’re lucky in many ways," said Malin L. Pinsky, a marine biologist at Rutgers University and another author of the new report. "The impacts are accelerating, but they’re not so bad we can’t reverse them."

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